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JOAQUÍN TORRES-GARCÍA [1874-1949, Uruguay]

JULIO ALPUY [1919-2009, Uruguay]

JOSÉ GURVICH [1927-1974, Lithuania/Uruguay]

GONZALO FONSECA [1922-1997, Uruguay]


When he arrived in Montevideo on April 30, 1934 after forty-three years of absence, Joaquín Torres-García told the press that he had returned to his native country of Uruguay in order to "develop a wide range of activities, to lecture, to teach courses, to achieve... on walls what I have already achieved on canvas,... to create in Montevideo a movement that will surpass the art of Paris." These lofty ambitions were achieved through the creation of his world famous workshop, the Taller Torres-García, where he taught his theory of Universal Constructivism to future generations of Latin American artists, including Julio Alpuy, José Gurvich, Gonzalo Fonseca, Francisco Matto, and his sons Augusto Torres and Horacio Torres.

FRANCISCO MATTO [1911-1995, Uruguay]

AUGUSTO TORRES [1913-1992, Spain/Uruguay]

HORACIO TORRES [1924-1976, Italy/USA]



Before returning to Uruguay, Torres-García arrived at the concept of Universal Constructivism after a long development during which his painting evolved from Mediterranean classicism through periods of Vibrationism, Cubism, and Fauvism. A truly global artist, Torres-García lived in Spain, New York, Italy, and Paris, where his theories and aesthetic style culminated into his characteristic incorporation of symbols located in a geometric grid based on the golden section.

The uniqueness of Torres-García's proposal consisted of his incorporation of essential elements of indigenous American art into the basic principles of European constructivism and geometric abstraction. Today, he is recognized as a canonical figure in both Latin American and modern art in general, with works in prestigious public and private collections worldwide.

Selected Solo Exhibitions



The Worlds of Joaquín Torres-García - Acquavella Galleries, Inc., New York City, NY


Joaquín Torres-García: The Arcadian Modern - Museo Picasso Málaga, Málaga


Joaquín Torres-García: The Arcadian Modern - Museo Picasso Málaga, Málaga


Joaquín Torres-García - Galerìa Guillermo de Osma, Madrid


Joaquín Torres-García: The Arcadian Modern, MoMA, New York


Joaquín Torres-García, Sala Dalmau, Barcelona, Spain 


Joaquín Torres-García, Gary Nader Gallery, New York 


Looking South, Sicardi Gallery, Houston, Texas 


Torres García: Geometría, creación, proporción, Fundación Iberé Camargo, Porto Alegre, Brazil 


Torres-García: Utopía y Tradición, Museo de la Universidad Nacional de Tres de Febrero, Buenos Aires, Argentina 


Torres-García at his Crossroads, Museu Nacional d'Art de Catalunya (MNAC), Barcelona, Spain 


Trazos de New York, Museo Torres García, Montevideo, Uruguay; Caixa de Río de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil 


Joaquín Torres-García: Constructing Abstraction with Wood, The Menil Collection, Houston, Texas 


Darrere la màscara constructiva, Centre Cultural de Caixa Girona-Fontana D'Or, Girona, Spain 


Joaquín Torres-García: Una Vida en Papel, Museu Valencia de la Illustracio i de la Modernitat-MuVIM, Valencia, Spain; Museo de Arte Contemporáneo de Madrid, Spain 


Torres-Garcia: Selected Works, Jan Krugier Gallery, New York 


Universalismo Constructivo, Museo Torres García, Montevideo, Uruguay; Fundación Antonio Saura, Cuenca, Spain; Museo Nacional de Artes Visuales de Chile, Santiago, Chile; Instituto Tomie Othakie, San Pablo, Brazil; Museo Oscar Niemeyer, Curitiba, Brazil; Centro Cultural Borges, Buenos Aires, Argentina; Caixa de Girona, Caixa de Murcia, Museo de Mataró, Spain 


ALADDIN. Juguetes transformables, Museo Torres García, Montevideo, Uruguay; Fundación Bank Boston, Santiago, Chile; Museu Oscar Niemeyer, Curitiba, Brasil; MALBA, Buenos Aires. Argentina 2003 Museu Picasso, Barcelona 


Musée de Strasbourg, France Fundación ICO, Madrid 


IVAM Centre Julio González, Valencia


La Pedrera, Barcelona 


Fundación BANCAJA, Madrid 


Museo de Bellas Artes, Caracas 


Fundaçao Arpad Szenés-Vieira da Silva, Lisbon Museo Pontevedra, Spain


XXII São Paulo International Bienal, Sala Torres-García 


Centro de Arte Reina Sofía, Madrid IVAM Centre Julio González, Valencia 


Hayward Gallery, Barbican Centre, London 


Fundació Joan Miró, Barcelona 


Stadtische Kunsthalle, Düsseldorf 


Museum of Fine Arts, Houston 


Miami Center for the Arts, Florida 


Museo de Arte Moderno, Mexico City 


Museo de Bellas Artes, Caracas, Venezuela 


Museu de Arte Moderna, Rio de Janeiro (exhibition destroyed in a fire) 


Musée d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris 


Museu d'Art Modern, Barcelona 


Museo Español de Arte Contemporáneo, Madrid


Archer M. Huntington Art Gallery, University of Texas, Austin


Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York 


National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa 


Museum of Art, Rhode Island School of Design, Providence, Rhode Island 


Pan American Union, Washington, D.C. 


San Francisco Museum of Art 


Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam 


Städtische Kunsthalle, Baden-Baden 


Rose Fried Gallery, New York 


V Bienal de São Paulo: Sala Torres-García, São Paulo 


XXVIII Biennale de Venezia: Sala Torres-García, Palazzo Centrale, Venice 


Musée National d'Art Moderne, Paris 


Sidney Janis Gallery, New York 


Galerias Laietaines, Barcelona


Museo de Arte Moderno, Madrid 


Galerie Jeanne Boucher, Paris 


Galerie Percier, Paris 


Galerie Jean Charpentier, Paris 


Galerie Zack, Paris 


Galerie Carmine, Paris 


Galerie G. A. Fabre, Paris 


Gallery Hanfstaengel, New York 


Galeries Dalmau, Barcelona 


Sálo de "La Vanguardia," Barcelona

Selected Public Collections

Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo, NY, USA

Art Museum of the Americas (AMA), Washington, D.C., USA

Berardo Museum, Lisbon, Portugal

Blanton Museum of Art, Austin, TX, USA

CIFO, Cisneros Fontanals Art Foundation, Miami, FL, USA

Fundación Joan Miró, Barcelona, Spain

Fundación MAPFRE, Madrid, Spain

Fundación Telefónica, Madrid, Spain

Georgia Museum of Art, Athens, GA, USA

Kunstmuseum Winterthur, Switzerland

LaM - Lille Métropole musée d'art moderne, d'art contemporain et d'art brut, Villeneuve d'Ascq, France

Los Angeles County Museum of Art (LACMA), Los Angeles, CA, USA

Musée d'Art Moderne et Contemporain (MAMCS), Strasbourg, France

Museo Blanes, Montevideo, Uruguay

Museo Botero, Bogota, Colombia

Museo de Arte Contemporáneo Atchugarry (MACA), Punta del Este, Uruguay

Museo de Arte Contemporáneo, Madrid, Spain

Museo de Arte del Banco de la República, Bogotá, Colombia

Museo de Arte Latinoamericano de Buenos Aires (MALBA), Argentina

Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía, Madrid, Spain

Museo Nacional de Artes Visuales (MNAV), Montevideo, Uruguay

Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes (MNBA), Buenos Aires, Argentina

Museo Tamayo, Mexico City, Mexico

Museo Torres García, Montevideo, Uruguay

Museu d'Art Contemporani de Barcelona (MACBA), Spain

Museu de Arte de São Paulo Assis Chateaubriand (MASP), Brazil

Museu de Arte Moderna Rio de Janeiro (MAM), Brazil

Museu Nacional d'Art de Catalunya (MNAC), Barcelona, Spain

Museum of Fine Arts, Houston (MFAH), TX, USA

Museum of Latin American Art (MOLAA), Long Beach, CA, USA

Patio Herreriano, Museo de Arte Contemporáneo Español, Valladolid, Spain

Perez Art Museum Miami (PAMM), FL, USA

Philadelphia Museum of Art, PA, USA

Samuel P. Harn Museum of Art, Gainesville, FL, USA

San Antonio Museum of Art, TX, USA

San Francisco Museum of Modern Art (SFMOMA), CA, USA

Santa Barbara Museum of Art, CA, USA

The Israel Museum, Jerusalem, Israel

The RISD Museum, University of Rhode Island, Providence, RI, USA