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[1928, Argentina]

“Movement was the ideal solution … and when I saw that light could offer me a solution and at the same time enable me to continue with my investigations, I concentrated on that theme.” 

Julio Le Parc was born in 1928 to a working-class family in Mendoza, Argentina. He studied at the Academy of Fine Arts in Buenos Aires before moving to Paris in 1958. In 1960, along with François Morellet, Francisco Sobrino, Yvaral and others, Le Parc formed GRAV (Groupe de Recherche d’ Art Visuel), a group which produced participatory art. The artists of GRAV added the element of movement to their work, to alter time and space and engage viewers in both a visual and visceral way.

While Le Parc is known for creating work that relies heavily upon theory and abstraction, throughout his career he has been concerned with the breakdown of structures that uphold the divisions between art and society. He routinely used questionnaires to solicit information from the public about their thoughts on modern and avant-garde art. On April 19, 1966 GRAV created Une Journée dans la rue (Day in the Street) in Paris. The public project invited passersby to walk and balance on large, uneven blocks of wood, to look through a giant kaleidoscope, and to interact with various projects. In one of the several manifestos produced by GRAV, Le Parc writes of “a transformation role of the artist, from an individual creator into a sort of activator to bring people out their dependence and passivity.”

After GRAV disbanded in 1968, each of the participating artists continued to make work on his own. Le Parc’s production ranges from intense color studies to large sculptures and interactive installations, all focused upon the intimate relationship between viewer and object. His paintings and sculptures blur the lines between modernity and the natural world, creating structures that combine both industrial precision and organic forms—plant-like structures that recall stems and growth.

Le Parc’s most widely exhibited work deals with light: using reflection, refraction, and shadows to create dazzling arrangements, to produce a “dynamic viewer.” His light installations are made from materials such as wire, mirrors, lenses and boxes. In these works rotating parts complicate the location of the light source, creating a sense of wonder and awe.

Selected Solo Exhibitions

2019Julio Le Parc. Un visionario. The CCK, Buenos Aires, Argentina


Julio Le Parc: Form into Action - Instituto Tomie Ohtake, São Paulo


Julio Le Parc: Bifurcations - Galerie Perrotin - Paris, Paris


Form into Action, Perez Art Museum Miami (PAMM) Miami FL USA


Premio Escultura Julio Le Parc, Fundación Fortabat, Puerto Madero, Argentina


Presentación Variations autour de la longue marche, Maison des Carrés Hermès, Buenos Aires, Argentina


Esfera Azul, Centro Cultural Kirchner (CCK), Buenos Aires, Argentina


Julio Le Parc: Form->Action, Pérez Art Museum (PAM), Miami, FL, USA


Variations autour de la longue marche, Maison des Carrés Hermès, Buenos Aires, Argentina


Homenaje a Julio Le Parc, Biennal Curitiba: Luz do mundo, Museo Oscar Niemeyer, Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil


Lumière en Mouvement: Julio Le Parc, Lexus Hybrid Art, Moscow, Russia


Julio Le Parc: Lumière, Bildmuseet, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden


Instituto Inhotim, “Dias que parecem não passar”, palabras Julio Le Parc


Inauguración Torsión I y Sphère Rouge, Brickell Avenue, Miami, FL, USA


Julio Le Parc: A Kaleidoscopic, Serpentine Sackler Gallery, London, England


Julio Le Parc: Lumière, Museo de Arte Latinoamericano de Buenos Aires Malba (MALBA), Buenos Aires, Argentina 


A Constant Quest, Galería Nara Roesler, São Paulo, Brasil


Julio Le Parc, Palais de Tokyo, Paris, France 


Julio Le Parc Coleurs, Bugada & Cargnel, Paris, France


Alchimies, Modulations, Torsions, Galerie Lélia Mordoch, Paris, France


Julio Le Parc, Galerie Denise René, Paris, France


Julio Le Parc: Multiples, Galerie de Multiples, Paris, France


Le Parc Lumière: Kinetic Works by Julio Le Parc, Casa Daros, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil


Nuit Blanche 2012: Obélisque en lumière Le Parc, Place de la Concorde, Paris, France Lumière en vibration, Espace Beaugrenelle, Paris, France


L'œil du cyclope. Œuvres de 1959 à 1971, Galerie Bugada & Cargnel, Paris, France


Otra Mirada, Centro Cultural Borges, Buenos Aires, Argentina


Le Parc Lumière, Casa de las Américas, La Havane, Cuba


Torsión 4, sculpture, Monterrey, Mexico


Julio Le Parc: Histoire de Lumière, Galerie Lélia Mordoch, Paris, France 


Blanco - Negro/Blanco - Negro, Galeria Argentina, Paris, France


Luz en Movimiento. Colleción Daros-Latinamerica, Biblioteca Luis Angel Arango Casa Republicana, Bogota, Colombia


Julio Le Parc, Galeria Nara Roesler, São Paulo, Brazil


Julio Le Parc et Vertige Vertical, Orangerie du Château de Sucy, Sucy-en-Brie, France


Le Parc Lumière, Laboratoire d'art Alameda, Mexico City, Mexico


Le Parc Lumière, Fondation Daros-LatinAmerica, Zürich, Switzerland


Julio Le Parc et Vertige Vertical, L’Orangerie, Cachan, France


Archivio di Stato / Palazzo del Senato


Il Cinetismo quarant'anni dopo, Circolo degli Artisti, Palazzo Graneri della Rocca, Torino, Italy


Modulations & Alchimies, Studio F.22, Palazzolo sull’Oglio, Brescia, Italy


Galleria d’arte Tarozzi, Pordenone, Italy


Julio Le Parc: Luz e Movimento, Pinacoteca, São Paulo, Brazil 


Julio Le Parc: Retrospectivamente, Galerie Nara Roesler, São Paulo, Brazil


O escultor da luz e do movimento, Centro Dragão do Mar de Arte e Cultura, Fortaleza, Ceará, Brésil


Opere dagli anni '60 al 2000, Valmore Studio d'Arte, Vicenza, Italy


Dialogando con la luz de Julio Le Parc, Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes, Neuquen, Argentina. Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes, Buenos Aires, Argentina. Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes, Cordoba, Argentina


Julio Le Parc y Homenaje a Las Manos Silenciadas de Martha Le Parc, Espacio Contemporáneo de Arte, Mendoza, Argentine


Alchimies 1988-2000, Galerie Lavignes-Bastille, Paris, France


Julio Le Parc Fête La Lumière, La Galerie Villa des Tourelle, Nanterre, France 






Espaço Julio Le Parc, Experiencias de 1959 a 1999, II Bienal de Artes Visuais do Mercosul, Porto Alegre, Brazil

Dialogue Lumière. Exposition des Deux Côtés de la Mar, Fort Liédot, l'Ile d'Aix, France. Tour Saint-Nicolas, la Rochelle, France

Modulation, Galleria Melesi, Lecco, Italy


Alquimas, Sala de Arte Contemporaneo, Quito, Equador


Julio Le Parc, Galeries du Théâtre, Centre Culturel de Cherbourg, France


Salle des Jeux, Ecole de Beaux Arts, Cherbourg, France


Julio Le Parc, Galeria Italia, Alicante, Spain


Alquimas, Sala de Exposiciones CAM, Alicante, Spain 


Julio Le Parc: Alquimias, Galeria Rayuela, Madrid, Spain. Studio f22, Brescia, Italy. Galeria Italia Alicante, Spain


Salle de Jeux et Travaux de Surface, Anis Gras, Arcueil, France 


Alchimies: Œvrues Récentes, Galerie Dionne, Paris, France 


Les Années Lumière, Espace Electra, Paris, France 


Les Années Lumière. Espace Art Brenne, Parc Naturel de La Brenne, France


Portes Ouvertes, Cachan, France 


Recherches 1958-1994, Galerie Michael, Heidelberg, Germany


Art en Fête – Fête de l’Art, Galerie Les Lumières, Nanterre, France


Julio Le Parc, Studio F.22, Palazzolo sull’Oglio, Brescia, Italy


Alquimias, Galería Van Eyck, Buenos Aires, Argentina


Recherches 1958-1973, Galerie Schoeller, Düsseldorf, Germany


Galleria Paolo Nanni, Bologna, Italy


Obra reciente, Galería Punto, Valence, Spain


Galerie Italia, Alicante, Spain


Galleria Melesi, Lecco, Italy


Galería Aritza, Bilbao, Spain


Opere grafiche e acrilici di Julio Le Parc, Verifica 8+1, Mestre, Venise, Italy


Galería Trazos Tres, Santander, Spain


Galleria Bergamini, Milan, Italy


Alquimias, Galería Rayuela, Madrid, Spain


Julio Le Parc, Studio F.22, Palazzolo sull’Oglio, Italy


Alchimie e Modulazioni, Galleria d’Arte Moderna Rotta, Gênes, Italy


Galerie Van Eyck, Buenos Aires, Argentina


Experiencias. Retrospectiva, Universidad Católica, Santiago, Chili


Experiencias – 30 años (1958-1988), 5ta Avenida, Mendoza, Argentina


Rétrospective Le Parc & Le Parc, Salas Nacionales, Buenos Aires, Argentina


Modulazioni di Julio Le Parc, Studio F.22, Palazzolo sull’Oglio, Italy


Julio Le Parc, Galería Alberto Elia, Buenos Aires, Argentina


Julio Le Parc, Maison de la culture, Salta, Argentina


Julio Le Parc, Galerie Pryzmat, Cracovie, Poland


Modulaciones, Galería Carmen Waugh, Santiago, Chilé


Julio Le Parc, Galerie Aeblegaarden, Copenhagen, Denmark


Julio Le Parc, Galerías Arte Autopista, Medellín, Colombia


Julio Le Parc, Sala de Arte Contemporaneo, Quito, Ecuador


Julio Le Parc, Salle Municipal, Crevillent, Spain


Julio Le Parc, Galleria la Chiocciola, Padua, Italy


Julio Le Parc, Villa Durazzo, Santa Margherita Ligure, Italy


Julio Le Parc, Institut Français de Culture, Santiago, Chile


Obra reciente, Galería Punto, Valence, Spain


Julio Le Parc, Galería Italia 2, Alicante, Spain


Portes ouvertes à l’atelier Le Parc, Atelier Le Parc, Cachan, France


Rétrospective 1959-1985, Salle Municipal, Valencia, Spain


Rétrospective. La Lonja, Zaragoza, Spain


Julio Le Parc, Galerie Juan Gris, Madrid, Spain


Julio Le Parc, Galerie Rayuela, Madrid, Spain 


Modulaciones, Sala de Arte Contemporáneo, Quito, Ecuador


Julio Le Parc, Galerie II Cenobio, Milan, Italy


Modulaciones, Galería Alberto Elía, Buenos Aires, Argentina


Julio Le Parc, Galería Camino, Brent, Lima, Peru


Julio Le Parc, Galerías Arte Autopista, Medellín, Colombia


Nuevas Modulaciones, Galería de arte Diners, Bogota, Colombia


Julio Le Parc, Musée Omar Rayo, Roldanillo, Colombia

Selected Public Collections

Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo, NY, USA

Belgian State Collection, Brussels, Belgium

Chau Chak Wing Museum, The University of Sydney, Australia

Collection du Conseil général du Val-de-Marne, Créteil, France

Fondation Peter Stuyvesant, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Fondation Sara-Hilder Tempere, Finland

Galerie Nationale d'art Moderne, Rome, Italy

Galerie Suvremene Umjetnosti, Zagreb, Yugoslavia

Kunsthalle Nürnberg, Nürnberg, Germany

Kirchner Cultural Center, Buenos Aires, Argentina

Municipal Carboneras, Almeria, Spain

Musée d'art Contemporain Montréal, Montreal, Canada

Musée d'Art Moderne de a Ville de Paris, France

Museo de Bellas Artes, Caracas, Venezuela

Museo de Arte Contemporaneo Atchugarry (MACA), Punta del Este, Uruguay

Museo Extremeño e Iberoamericano de Arte Contemporáneo (MEIAC), Badajoz, Spain

Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes, Buenos Aires, Argentina

Museum Athenaeum, Helsinki, Finland

Museum Bymans-Van Beuningen, Rotterdam, The Netherlands

Museum Lousiana, Humbleabaek, Denmark

Museum of Drawers, Israel

Museum of Fine Arts, Houston (MFAH), TX, USA    

Museum of Modern Art (MoMA), New York, NY, USA

New Orleans Museum of Art (NOMA), New Orleans, LA, USA

Tate Gallery, London, UK

Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, MN, USA

Walraf-Richartz-Museum, Koln, Germany